Fanø is characterized by a maritime history which can be seen very clearly in the old houses from the 18th and 19th centuries in Sønderho and Nordby. The city centers in both villagfes are well-preserved and exude cosiness and romance.
Both the museums Fanø Skibsfart og Dragtsamling and Fanø Museum, as well as Hannes Hus and Sønderho Old Rescue Station in Sønderho, tell about the island's exciting maritime history.
Fanø has attracted artists since the 19th century and especially Sønderho has had a whole colony of artists. Fanø Art Museum exhibits many of these, both deceased and living artists.